As many EEA / EU citizens look to apply for permanent residence or other documentation to support their right to stay in the UK – what happens to children of EEA / EU citizens born in the UK?
In many cases, such children might be able to claim automatic British citizenship or to register as British citizens.
The options available depend on when the child was born and what status the EU citizen parents had at that time.
Let’s look at some of the key scenarios;
Children born in the UK before 2 October 2000.
In this case, at least one EU citizen parent must be able to show that they were exercising EU Treaty Rights (such as a worker) at the date of the child’s birth. If so, the child can claim British citizenship.
Children born in the UK between 02 October 2000 and 29 April 2006
Such children can only claim British citizenship if at least one EU citizen parent can prove permanent residence in the UK at the date of the child’s birth. For instance – a document certifying permanent residence or a permanent residence card.
Children born in the UK after 30 April 2006
After this date, any child born in the UK can claim automatic British citizenship if at least one EU parent has permanent residence at the date of the child’s birth.
But – crucially, this does not necessarily require the parent to have an EEA permanent residence card. The parent can claim to have permanent residence based on strong evidence of exercising EU Treaty Rights for 5 years (see our blog post below dated 27 July 2016).
For citizens of those countries that joined the EU in 2004 (A8 countries) and 2007 (A2 countries) it is also vital that the EU citizen parent can show he / she complied with the necessary registrations required at that time. This includes registering on the Worker Registration Scheme or applying for an Accession Worker Card.
Children who can “register” as British citizens
Children who are born in the UK to EU citizen parents can subsequently apply to register as British citizens if at least one parent later obtains EEA permanent residence. This process is not the same as those who can claim automatic British citizenship. Instead, an application for registration needs to be made and takes several months to be approved.
If you need any further information on securing British citizenship for adults or children then please email us on firstname.lastname@example.org